PMI Crest
1 November 2021

A multi-asset approach to navigating net zero

From pledge to practice, read PMI Academy partner, BlackRock’s case study on net zero.


In this paper, we focus on the practical implications of moving from climate pledges to practice for multi-asset investors. Key highlights include:

What net zero means for investors: The Paris Agreement seeks to limit temperature increases to 1.5-2°C above pre-industrial levels, which is often equated to transitioning to a “net zero” global economy by 2050. Aligning a portfolio to this objective doesn’t mean building a portfolio with zero emissions today. The spirit behind the Paris Agreement lies in transitioning the most impactful sectors (such as energy) to lower carbon intensity. From a portfolio perspective, this requires a multi-year pathway.

Carbon metrics across asset classes: Different carbon metrics have different utility for investors. We evaluate various approaches to forward-looking metrics and identify an approximate “decarbonisation rate” at the asset class level for multi-asset portfolio constructors.

Monitoring portfolios and milestones: The portfolio pathway to 2050 is long. We propose incorporating interim milestones and conducting annual reviews to ensure the portfolio is evolving consistent with its chosen pathway or adapt as needed.

Building an implementation plan: Strategies that align with the Paris Agreement can include building blocks across index, factor and alpha-seeking strategies. We propose re-allocating to certain asset classes with more explicit climate goals.

Upcoming research: We advocate a flexible framework for portfolios, recognising this is an evolving space. Topics for future exploration include climate goals for government bond allocations or measuring portfolios against temperature alignment metrics.

Investors globally are focusing on decarbonisation. In March 2021, 22 asset owners with $1.2 trillion in assets committed to cutting their portfolios’ carbon emissions to net zero by 2050.1 There is also a tidal wave of pending regulation that will require asset owners to report on climate risk. For example, UK regulations requiring trustees to disclose climate-related risks will start to become a standard. Beyond the UK, the G7 summit held in London in June led to an agreement that G7 nations will mandate climate reporting in line with the recommendations of the global Taskforce on Climate-related Financial Disclosures.


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Last update: 26 November 2021

Yasmin Meissner
Co-Head of Sustainable Investing for Multi-Asset Strategies and Solutions
Dom Byrne
Lead Investment Strategist for EMEA Retirement Solutions
Katharina Schwaiger
Co-Head of Sustainable Investing for Multi-Asset Strategies and Solutions
Anoushka Bhatiani
Multi-Asset Portfolio Management

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